Ansible Pilot

Mount a Windows share in Linux SMB/CIFS - Ansible module mount

Mount a Windows share in Linux SMB/CIFS - Ansible module mount

How to Mount a Windows share in Linux SMB/CIFS. The Ansible Playbook code is going to check the required packages, create the mount-point, and set up the Windows network shared folder via SMB/CIFS protocol on the Linux target machine. Demo and live coding included.

How to mount a Windows share in Linux SMB/CIFS with Ansible? I’m going to show you a live demo with some simple Ansible code. I’m Luca Berton and welcome to today’s episode of Ansible Pilot

Ansible mount an SMB/CIFS filesystem

Today we’re talking about the Ansible module mount. The full name is ansible.posix.mount, which means that is part of the collection of modules “ansible.posix” to interact with POSIX platforms. The purpose of the module is to Control active and configured mount points. For Windows, use the community.windows.win_mapped_drive module instead.

Parameters

This module has many parameters to perform any task. The only required are “path” and “state”. The parameter “path” specifies the path to the mount point (e.g. /mnt/). The parameter “state” allows us to verify a specific state of the mount point. The options “mounted”, “unmounted” and “remounted” change the device status. The “present” and “absent” options only change the /etc/fstab file. The src parameter specifies the device or network volume for NFS or SMB/CIFS. The fstype parameter specifies the filesystem type. For example: ext4, xfs, iso9660, nfs, cifs, etc. The opts parameter allows us to specify some mount options, that vary for each filesystem type.

demo

Let’s jump in a real-life Ansible Playbook to mount an SMB/CIFS filesystem.

---
- name: mount module demo
  hosts: all
  become: true
  vars:
    uri: "//windows-pc/share"
    username: "[email protected]"
    password: "password"
    mountpoint: "/share"
  tasks:
    - name: utility present
      ansible.builtin.package:
        name: cifs-utils
        state: present
- name: check mountpoint exist
      ansible.builtin.file:
        path: "{{ mountpoint }}"
        state: directory
        mode: '0755'
        owner: root
        group: root
- name: Mount network share
      ansible.posix.mount:
        src: "{{ uri }}"
        path: "{{ mountpoint }}"
        fstype: cifs
        opts: 'username={{ username }},password={{ password }}'
        state: mounted

execution

$ ansible-playbook -i demo/inventory mount\ drive/cifs.yml
PLAY [mount module demo] *********************************************************************************
TASK [Gathering Facts] ***********************************************************************************
ok: [demo.example.com]
TASK [utility present] ***********************************************************************************
changed: [demo.example.com]
TASK [check mountpoint exist] ****************************************************************************
changed: [demo.example.com]
TASK [Mount network share] *******************************************************************************
changed: [demo.example.com]
PLAY RECAP ***********************************************************************************************
demo.example.com           : ok=4    changed=3    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0

before execution

$ ssh [email protected]
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo su 
[[email protected] devops]# mount 
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
devtmpfs on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,seclabel,size=395492k,nr_inodes=98873,mode=755)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,seclabel)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,seclabel,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,seclabel,mode=755)
tmpfs on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,seclabel,mode=755)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,xattr,release_agent=/usr/lib/systemd/systemd-cgroups-agent,name=systemd)
pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel)
bpf on /sys/fs/bpf type bpf (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,mode=700)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,rdma)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,perf_event)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,net_cls,net_prio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,freezer)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,cpuset)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/pids type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,pids)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,hugetlb)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,blkio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/memory type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,memory)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/devices type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,devices)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,cpu,cpuacct)
none on /sys/kernel/tracing type tracefs (rw,relatime,seclabel)
configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,relatime)
/dev/mapper/rhel_rhel8-root on / type xfs (rw,relatime,seclabel,attr2,inode64,logbufs=8,logbsize=32k,noquota)
selinuxfs on /sys/fs/selinux type selinuxfs (rw,relatime)
systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=31,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=18292)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,relatime,seclabel)
mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,relatime,seclabel)
hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,seclabel,pagesize=2M)
/dev/sda1 on /boot type xfs (rw,relatime,seclabel,attr2,inode64,logbufs=8,logbsize=32k,noquota)
tmpfs on /run/user/1001 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,seclabel,size=82872k,mode=700,uid=1001,gid=10)
[[email protected] devops]# mount | grep share
[[email protected] devops]# cat /etc/fstab
#
# /etc/fstab
# Created by anaconda on Wed Sep  1 00:06:23 2021
#
# Accessible filesystems, by reference, are maintained under '/dev/disk/'.
# See man pages fstab(5), findfs(8), mount(8) and/or blkid(8) for more info.
#
# After editing this file, run 'systemctl daemon-reload' to update systemd
# units generated from this file.
#
/dev/mapper/rhel_rhel8-root /                       xfs     defaults        0 0
UUID=ae6c1777-c1c9-42a1-8fcf-513077aac39b /boot                   xfs     defaults        0 0
/dev/mapper/rhel_rhel8-swap none                    swap    defaults        0 0
[[email protected] devops]#

after execution

$ ssh [email protected]
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo su
[[email protected] devops]# mount
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
devtmpfs on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,seclabel,size=395492k,nr_inodes=98873,mode=755)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,seclabel)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,seclabel,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,seclabel,mode=755)
tmpfs on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,seclabel,mode=755)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,xattr,release_agent=/usr/lib/systemd/systemd-cgroups-agent,name=systemd)
pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel)
bpf on /sys/fs/bpf type bpf (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,mode=700)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,rdma)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,perf_event)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,net_cls,net_prio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,freezer)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,cpuset)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/pids type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,pids)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,hugetlb)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,blkio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/memory type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,memory)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/devices type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,devices)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,seclabel,cpu,cpuacct)
none on /sys/kernel/tracing type tracefs (rw,relatime,seclabel)
configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,relatime)
/dev/mapper/rhel_rhel8-root on / type xfs (rw,relatime,seclabel,attr2,inode64,logbufs=8,logbsize=32k,noquota)
selinuxfs on /sys/fs/selinux type selinuxfs (rw,relatime)
systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=31,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=18292)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,relatime,seclabel)
mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,relatime,seclabel)
hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,seclabel,pagesize=2M)
/dev/sda1 on /boot type xfs (rw,relatime,seclabel,attr2,inode64,logbufs=8,logbsize=32k,noquota)
tmpfs on /run/user/1001 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,seclabel,size=82872k,mode=700,uid=1001,gid=10)
//windows-pc/share on /share type cifs (rw,relatime,vers=default,cache=strict,username=username,uid=0,noforceuid,gid=0,noforcegid,addr=192.168.43.5,file_mode=0755,dir_mode=0755,soft,nounix,serverino,mapposix,rsize=4194304,wsize=4194304,bsize=1048576,echo_interval=60,actimeo=1)
[[email protected] devops]# touch /share/test
[[email protected] devops]# ls -al /share/test 
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Nov 11 17:32 /share/test
[[email protected] devops]# ls -al /share/
total 0
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root   0 Nov 11 17:32 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 18 root root 237 Nov 11 17:31 ..
-rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   0 Nov 11 17:32 test
[[email protected] devops]# cat /etc/fstab
#
# /etc/fstab
# Created by anaconda on Wed Sep  1 00:06:23 2021
#
# Accessible filesystems, by reference, are maintained under '/dev/disk/'.
# See man pages fstab(5), findfs(8), mount(8) and/or blkid(8) for more info.
#
# After editing this file, run 'systemctl daemon-reload' to update systemd
# units generated from this file.
#
/dev/mapper/rhel_rhel8-root /                       xfs     defaults        0 0
UUID=ae6c1777-c1c9-42a1-8fcf-513077aac39b /boot                   xfs     defaults        0 0
/dev/mapper/rhel_rhel8-swap none                    swap    defaults        0 0
#VAGRANT-BEGIN
# The contents below are automatically generated by Vagrant. Do not modify.
#VAGRANT-END
//windows-pc/share /share cifs username=username,password=passowd 0 0
[[email protected] devops]#

code with ❤️ in GitHub

Recap

Now you know how to mount an SMB/CIFS filesystem with Ansible. Subscribe to the YouTube channel, Medium, Website and Twitter to not miss the next episode of the Ansible Pilot.

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November 13, 2021