Ansible Pilot

How to install Ansible in AlmaLinux 9 - Ansible install

How to install and maintain up-to-date Ansible inside AlmaLinux 9 using DNF and the ”appstream” system repository.

July 12, 2022
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How to install Ansible in AlmaLinux version 9.

Today we’re going to talk about the easier way to install and maintain Ansible inside AlmaLinux 9 using the appstream system repository. I’m Luca Berton and welcome to today’s episode of Ansible Pilot.

How to install Ansible in AlmaLinux 9

Today we’re talking about How to install Ansible in AlmaLinux 9.

The easier way to install and maintain up-to-date Ansible inside AlmaLinux version 9 is using the ansible-core package included in the AppStream distribution repository. Please notice that the package ansible isn’t available anymore. It’s not necessary to use the additional EPEL package repository.

See also: Ansible terminology - ansible vs ansible-core packages.

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demo

Let’s jump into a quick live demo of how to install the latest version of Ansible in AlmaLinux. I’m going to install the ansible-core package in an AlmaLinux 9 using the AppStream distribution repository.

code

#!/bin/bash
sudo yum install ansible-core

execution

$ ssh [email protected]
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo su
[[email protected] devops]# cat /etc/redhat-release 
AlmaLinux release 9.0 (Emerald Puma)
[[email protected] devops]# cat /etc/os-release 
NAME="AlmaLinux"
VERSION="9.0 (Emerald Puma)"
ID="almalinux"
ID_LIKE="rhel centos fedora"
VERSION_ID="9.0"
PLATFORM_ID="platform:el9"
PRETTY_NAME="AlmaLinux 9.0 (Emerald Puma)"
ANSI_COLOR="0;34"
LOGO="fedora-logo-icon"
CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:almalinux:almalinux:9::baseos"
HOME_URL="https://almalinux.org/"
DOCUMENTATION_URL="https://wiki.almalinux.org/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.almalinux.org/"
ALMALINUX_MANTISBT_PROJECT="AlmaLinux-9"
ALMALINUX_MANTISBT_PROJECT_VERSION="9.0"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT="AlmaLinux"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT_VERSION="9.0"
[[email protected] devops]# hostnamectl
 Static hostname: almalinux.example.com
       Icon name: computer-vm
         Chassis: vm 🖴
      Machine ID: 4a8ab0349b874d1b8294222deebd0f8e
         Boot ID: 3616b69bcbf8433d8d4e9eaa826dee67
  Virtualization: oracle
Operating System: AlmaLinux 9.0 (Emerald Puma)        
     CPE OS Name: cpe:/o:almalinux:almalinux:9::baseos
          Kernel: Linux 5.14.0-70.13.1.el9_0.x86_64
    Architecture: x86-64
 Hardware Vendor: innotek GmbH
  Hardware Model: VirtualBox
[[email protected] devops]# uname -a
Linux almalinux.example.com 5.14.0-70.13.1.el9_0.x86_64 #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue May 17 15:53:11 EDT 2022 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
[[email protected] devops]# dnf search ansible
Last metadata expiration check: 16:31:06 ago on Mon Jul 11 14:56:03 2022.
============================================================================== Name & Summary Matched: ansible ==============================================================================
ansible-collection-microsoft-sql.noarch : The Ansible collection for Microsoft SQL Server management
ansible-collection-redhat-rhel_mgmt.noarch : Ansible Collection of general system management and utility modules and other plugins
ansible-freeipa-tests.noarch : ansible-freeipa tests
ansible-pcp.noarch : Ansible Metric collection for Performance Co-Pilot
ansible-test.x86_64 : Tool for testing ansible plugin and module code
=================================================================================== Name Matched: ansible ===================================================================================
ansible-core.x86_64 : SSH-based configuration management, deployment, and task execution system
ansible-freeipa.noarch : Roles and playbooks to deploy FreeIPA servers, replicas and clients
[[email protected] devops]# dnf info ansible-core
Last metadata expiration check: 16:31:14 ago on Mon Jul 11 14:56:03 2022.
Available Packages
Name         : ansible-core
Version      : 2.12.2
Release      : 1.el9
Architecture : x86_64
Size         : 2.0 M
Source       : ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.src.rpm
Repository   : appstream
Summary      : SSH-based configuration management, deployment, and task execution system
URL          : http://ansible.com
License      : GPLv3+
Description  : Ansible is a radically simple model-driven configuration management,
             : multi-node deployment, and remote task execution system. Ansible works
             : over SSH and does not require any software or daemons to be installed
             : on remote nodes. Extension modules can be written in any language and
             : are transferred to managed machines automatically.
[[email protected] devops]# dnf install ansible-core
Last metadata expiration check: 16:58:16 ago on Mon Jul 11 14:56:03 2022.
Dependencies resolved.
===================================================================================================
 Package                       Architecture    Version                    Repository          Size
===================================================================================================
Installing:
 ansible-core                  x86_64          2.12.2-1.el9               appstream          2.0 M
Installing dependencies:
 emacs-filesystem              noarch          1:27.2-6.el9               appstream          8.4 k
 git                           x86_64          2.31.1-2.el9.2             appstream          120 k
 git-core                      x86_64          2.31.1-2.el9.2             appstream          3.6 M
 git-core-doc                  noarch          2.31.1-2.el9.2             appstream          2.3 M
 perl-Error                    noarch          1:0.17029-7.el9            appstream           41 k
 perl-Git                      noarch          2.31.1-2.el9.2             appstream           42 k
 python3-babel                 noarch          2.9.1-2.el9                appstream          5.8 M
 python3-cffi                  x86_64          1.14.5-5.el9               appstream          241 k
 python3-cryptography          x86_64          36.0.1-1.el9_0             appstream          1.1 M
 python3-jinja2                noarch          2.11.3-4.el9               appstream          229 k
 python3-markupsafe            x86_64          1.1.1-12.el9               appstream           32 k
 python3-packaging             noarch          20.9-5.el9                 appstream           69 k
 python3-ply                   noarch          3.11-14.el9                appstream          103 k
 python3-pycparser             noarch          2.20-6.el9                 appstream          124 k
 python3-pytz                  noarch          2021.1-4.el9               appstream           48 k
 python3-resolvelib            noarch          0.5.4-5.el9                appstream           29 k
 python3-setuptools            noarch          53.0.0-10.el9              baseos             841 k
 sshpass                       x86_64          1.09-4.el9                 appstream           27 k
Transaction Summary
===================================================================================================
Install  19 Packages
Total download size: 17 M
Installed size: 80 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/19): emacs-filesystem-27.2-6.el9.noarch.rpm                     428  B/s | 8.4 kB     00:20    
(2/19): git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64.rpm                              6.0 kB/s | 120 kB     00:20    
[MIRROR] git-core-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64.rpm: Curl error (28): Timeout was reached for http://it2.mirror.vhosting-it.com/almalinux/9/AppStream/x86_64/os/Packages/git-core-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64.rpm [Operation too slow. Less than 1000 bytes/sec transferred the last 30 seconds]
[MIRROR] git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch.rpm: Curl error (28): Timeout was reached for http://it2.mirror.vhosting-it.com/almalinux/9/AppStream/x86_64/os/Packages/git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch.rpm [Operation too slow. Less than 1000 bytes/sec transferred the last 30 seconds]
[MIRROR] ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.x86_64.rpm: Curl error (28): Timeout was reached for http://it2.mirror.vhosting-it.com/almalinux/9/AppStream/x86_64/os/Packages/ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.x86_64.rpm [Operation too slow. Less than 1000 bytes/sec transferred the last 30 seconds]
(3/19): ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.x86_64.rpm                        35 kB/s | 2.0 MB     00:58    
(4/19): perl-Error-0.17029-7.el9.noarch.rpm                        234 kB/s |  41 kB     00:00    
(5/19): git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch.rpm                      58 kB/s | 2.3 MB     00:40    
(6/19): perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch.rpm                          23 kB/s |  42 kB     00:01    
(7/19): git-core-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64.rpm                          91 kB/s | 3.6 MB     00:40    
(8/19): python3-cffi-1.14.5-5.el9.x86_64.rpm                       408 kB/s | 241 kB     00:00    
(9/19): python3-cryptography-36.0.1-1.el9_0.x86_64.rpm             1.8 MB/s | 1.1 MB     00:00    
(10/19): python3-markupsafe-1.1.1-12.el9.x86_64.rpm                225 kB/s |  32 kB     00:00    
(11/19): python3-jinja2-2.11.3-4.el9.noarch.rpm                    775 kB/s | 229 kB     00:00    
(12/19): python3-packaging-20.9-5.el9.noarch.rpm                   595 kB/s |  69 kB     00:00    
(13/19): python3-ply-3.11-14.el9.noarch.rpm                        598 kB/s | 103 kB     00:00    
(14/19): python3-pycparser-2.20-6.el9.noarch.rpm                   706 kB/s | 124 kB     00:00    
(15/19): python3-pytz-2021.1-4.el9.noarch.rpm                      270 kB/s |  48 kB     00:00    
(16/19): python3-resolvelib-0.5.4-5.el9.noarch.rpm                 207 kB/s |  29 kB     00:00    
(17/19): sshpass-1.09-4.el9.x86_64.rpm                             154 kB/s |  27 kB     00:00    
(18/19): python3-babel-2.9.1-2.el9.noarch.rpm                      2.1 MB/s | 5.8 MB     00:02    
(19/19): python3-setuptools-53.0.0-10.el9.noarch.rpm               161 kB/s | 841 kB     00:05    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                              249 kB/s |  17 MB     01:08     
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                           1/1 
  Installing       : python3-setuptools-53.0.0-10.el9.noarch                                  1/19 
  Installing       : git-core-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64                                           2/19 
  Installing       : git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch                                       3/19 
  Installing       : sshpass-1.09-4.el9.x86_64                                                4/19 
  Installing       : python3-resolvelib-0.5.4-5.el9.noarch                                    5/19 
  Installing       : python3-pytz-2021.1-4.el9.noarch                                         6/19 
  Installing       : python3-babel-2.9.1-2.el9.noarch                                         7/19 
  Installing       : python3-ply-3.11-14.el9.noarch                                           8/19 
  Installing       : python3-pycparser-2.20-6.el9.noarch                                      9/19 
  Installing       : python3-cffi-1.14.5-5.el9.x86_64                                        10/19 
  Installing       : python3-cryptography-36.0.1-1.el9_0.x86_64                              11/19 
  Installing       : python3-packaging-20.9-5.el9.noarch                                     12/19 
  Installing       : python3-markupsafe-1.1.1-12.el9.x86_64                                  13/19 
  Installing       : python3-jinja2-2.11.3-4.el9.noarch                                      14/19 
  Installing       : perl-Error-1:0.17029-7.el9.noarch                                       15/19 
  Installing       : emacs-filesystem-1:27.2-6.el9.noarch                                    16/19 
  Installing       : perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch                                          17/19 
  Installing       : git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64                                               18/19 
  Installing       : ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.x86_64                                        19/19 
  Running scriptlet: ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.x86_64                                        19/19 
  Verifying        : ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.x86_64                                         1/19 
  Verifying        : emacs-filesystem-1:27.2-6.el9.noarch                                     2/19 
  Verifying        : git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64                                                3/19 
  Verifying        : git-core-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64                                           4/19 
  Verifying        : git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch                                       5/19 
  Verifying        : perl-Error-1:0.17029-7.el9.noarch                                        6/19 
  Verifying        : perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch                                           7/19 
  Verifying        : python3-babel-2.9.1-2.el9.noarch                                         8/19 
  Verifying        : python3-cffi-1.14.5-5.el9.x86_64                                         9/19 
  Verifying        : python3-cryptography-36.0.1-1.el9_0.x86_64                              10/19 
  Verifying        : python3-jinja2-2.11.3-4.el9.noarch                                      11/19 
  Verifying        : python3-markupsafe-1.1.1-12.el9.x86_64                                  12/19 
  Verifying        : python3-packaging-20.9-5.el9.noarch                                     13/19 
  Verifying        : python3-ply-3.11-14.el9.noarch                                          14/19 
  Verifying        : python3-pycparser-2.20-6.el9.noarch                                     15/19 
  Verifying        : python3-pytz-2021.1-4.el9.noarch                                        16/19 
  Verifying        : python3-resolvelib-0.5.4-5.el9.noarch                                   17/19 
  Verifying        : sshpass-1.09-4.el9.x86_64                                               18/19 
  Verifying        : python3-setuptools-53.0.0-10.el9.noarch                                 19/19
Installed:
  ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.x86_64              emacs-filesystem-1:27.2-6.el9.noarch              
  git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64                     git-core-2.31.1-2.el9.2.x86_64                    
  git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch            perl-Error-1:0.17029-7.el9.noarch                 
  perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el9.2.noarch                python3-babel-2.9.1-2.el9.noarch                  
  python3-cffi-1.14.5-5.el9.x86_64              python3-cryptography-36.0.1-1.el9_0.x86_64        
  python3-jinja2-2.11.3-4.el9.noarch            python3-markupsafe-1.1.1-12.el9.x86_64            
  python3-packaging-20.9-5.el9.noarch           python3-ply-3.11-14.el9.noarch                    
  python3-pycparser-2.20-6.el9.noarch           python3-pytz-2021.1-4.el9.noarch                  
  python3-resolvelib-0.5.4-5.el9.noarch         python3-setuptools-53.0.0-10.el9.noarch           
  sshpass-1.09-4.el9.x86_64
Complete!
[[email protected] devops]# ansible --version
ansible [core 2.12.2]
  config file = /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg
  configured module search path = ['/root/.ansible/plugins/modules', '/usr/share/ansible/plugins/modules']
  ansible python module location = /usr/lib/python3.9/site-packages/ansible
  ansible collection location = /root/.ansible/collections:/usr/share/ansible/collections
  executable location = /bin/ansible
  python version = 3.9.10 (main, Feb  9 2022, 00:00:00) [GCC 11.2.1 20220127 (Red Hat 11.2.1-9)]
  jinja version = 2.11.3
  libyaml = True

before execution

# dnf info ansible-core
Last metadata expiration check: 16:31:14 ago on Mon Jul 11 14:56:03 2022.
Available Packages
Name         : ansible-core
Version      : 2.12.2
Release      : 1.el9
Architecture : x86_64
Size         : 2.0 M
Source       : ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.src.rpm
Repository   : appstream
Summary      : SSH-based configuration management, deployment, and task execution system
URL          : http://ansible.com
License      : GPLv3+
Description  : Ansible is a radically simple model-driven configuration management,
             : multi-node deployment, and remote task execution system. Ansible works
             : over SSH and does not require any software or daemons to be installed
             : on remote nodes. Extension modules can be written in any language and
             : are transferred to managed machines automatically.

after execution

# dnf info ansible-core
Last metadata expiration check: 17:00:09 ago on Mon Jul 11 14:56:03 2022.
Installed Packages
Name         : ansible-core
Version      : 2.12.2
Release      : 1.el9
Architecture : x86_64
Size         : 9.3 M
Source       : ansible-core-2.12.2-1.el9.src.rpm
Repository   : @System
From repo    : appstream
Summary      : SSH-based configuration management, deployment, and task execution system
URL          : http://ansible.com
License      : GPLv3+
Description  : Ansible is a radically simple model-driven configuration management,
             : multi-node deployment, and remote task execution system. Ansible works
             : over SSH and does not require any software or daemons to be installed
             : on remote nodes. Extension modules can be written in any language and
             : are transferred to managed machines automatically.

code with ❤️ in GitHub

Recap

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