Ansible Pilot

Create a directory in Linux - Ansible module file

How to set up the "~/example" directory, set the user and group ownership, and UNIX mode 0644 in Linux with Ansible.

November 17, 2021
Access the Complete Video Course and Learn Quick Ansible by 200+ Practical Lessons

How to create a directory with Ansible?

I’m going to show you a live demo and some simple Ansible code. I’m Luca Berton and welcome to today’s episode of Ansible Pilot.

Ansible create a directory

Today we’re talking about the Ansible module file. The full name is ansible.builtin.file, which means that is part of the collection of modules “builtin” with ansible and shipped with it. It’s a module pretty stable and out for years. It works in a different variety of operating systems. It manages files and file properties. For Windows targets, use the ansible.windows.win_file module instead.

Parameters

This module has some parameters to perform any tasks. The only required is “path”, where you specify the filesystem path of the file you’re going to edit. The state defines the type of object we are modifying, the default is “file” but for our use case, we need the “directory” option.

Demo

Let’s jump into a real-life playbook on how to create a directory with Ansible.

code

---
- name: file module demo
  hosts: all
  vars:
    mydir: "~/example"
  tasks:
    - name: Creating a directory
      ansible.builtin.file:
        path: "{{ mydir }}"
        state: directory
        owner: devops
        group: users
        mode: '0644'

execution

$ ansible-playbook -i demo/inventory create\ directory/file.yml
PLAY [file module demo] *********************************************************************
TASK [Gathering Facts] **********************************************************************
ok: [demo.example.com]
TASK [Creating a directory] *****************************************************************
changed: [demo.example.com]
PLAY RECAP **********************************************************************************
demo.example.com           : ok=2    changed=1    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0

before execution

$ ssh [email protected]
[[email protected] ~]$ ls -al
total 16
drwx------. 4 devops wheel  111 Nov 14 13:43 .
drwxr-xr-x. 5 root   root    50 Nov  8 17:07 ..
drwx------. 3 devops wheel   17 Sep  6 05:53 .ansible
-rw-------. 1 devops wheel 2849 Nov 14 13:43 .bash_history
-rw-r--r--. 1 devops wheel   18 Dec  4  2020 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r--. 1 devops wheel  141 Dec  4  2020 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r--. 1 devops wheel  376 Dec  4  2020 .bashrc
drwx------. 2 devops wheel   94 Sep 16 10:09 .ssh
[[email protected] ~]$

after execution

$ ssh [email protected]
[[email protected] ~]$ ls -al
total 16
drwx------. 5 devops wheel  126 Nov 14 13:45 .
drwxr-xr-x. 5 root   root    50 Nov  8 17:07 ..
drwx------. 3 devops wheel   17 Sep  6 05:53 .ansible
-rw-------. 1 devops wheel 2861 Nov 14 13:44 .bash_history
-rw-r--r--. 1 devops wheel   18 Dec  4  2020 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r--. 1 devops wheel  141 Dec  4  2020 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r--. 1 devops wheel  376 Dec  4  2020 .bashrc
drwx------. 2 devops wheel   94 Sep 16 10:09 .ssh
drw-r--r--. 2 devops users    6 Nov 14 13:45 example

code with ❤️ in GitHub

Recap

Now you know how to create a directory in Linux with Ansible. Subscribe to the YouTube channel, Medium, Website, Twitter, and Substack to not miss the next episode of the Ansible Pilot.

Academy

Learn the Ansible automation technology with some real-life examples in my

My book Ansible By Examples: 200+ Automation Examples For Linux and Windows System Administrator and DevOps

BUY the Complete PDF BOOK to easily Copy and Paste the 200+ Ansible code

Want to keep this project going? Please donate

Access the Complete Video Course and Learn Quick Ansible by 200+ Practical Lessons
Trustpilot
Follow me

Subscribe not to miss any new releases

FREE Top 10 Best Practices

Top 10 Best Practices of Ansible Automation: save time, reduce errors and stress