Ansible troubleshooting - Error 303: command-instead-of-module
How to Solve the Ansible Error 303 command-instead-of-module Enhancing Ansible Playbooks
In the world of Ansible automation, best practices and efficiency are paramount. Ansible-Lint, a popular linting tool for Ansible playbooks, comes with a variety of rules to help you follow best practices, maintain consistency, and avoid common pitfalls. One such rule, Rule 303, “
command-instead-of-module”, recommends using specific Ansible modules in place of commands for tasks where modules are a more reliable and feature-rich choice.
Understanding Rule 303
Rule 303, “
command-instead-of-module”, serves as a friendly reminder that, in many cases, using Ansible modules is a better approach than running raw shell commands. Modules provide various benefits, including improved reliability, better messaging, and additional features like retry capabilities. By adhering to this rule, you can enhance the quality and maintainability of your Ansible playbooks.
Let’s examine a common issue that Rule 303 can help identify in your playbooks:
--- - name: Update apt cache hosts: all tasks: - name: Run apt-get update ansible.builtin.command: apt-get update # <-- better to use ansible.builtin.apt module
In this code snippet, a raw command (
apt-get update) is used to update the apt cache. While this approach may work, it’s not the most efficient or reliable way to achieve the task.
WARNING Listing 2 violation(s) that are fatal command-instead-of-module: apt-get used in place of apt-get module 303.yml:5 Task/Handler: Run apt-get update no-changed-when: Commands should not change things if nothing needs doing. 303.yml:5 Task/Handler: Run apt-get update Read documentation for instructions on how to ignore specific rule violations. Rule Violation Summary count tag profile rule associated tags 1 command-instead-of-module basic command-shell, idiom 1 no-changed-when shared command-shell, idempotency Failed: 2 failure(s), 0 warning(s) on 1 files. Last profile that met the validation criteria was 'min'.
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Here’s the corrected code that aligns with Rule 303:
--- - name: Update apt cache hosts: all tasks: - name: Run apt-get update ansible.builtin.apt: update_cache: true
In the improved version, the “ansible.builtin.apt” module is utilized to update the apt cache. This module is purpose-built for managing packages and repositories, making the playbook more predictable and easier to maintain.
Why Use Modules Over Commands
Using modules over commands is an essential best practice in Ansible automation for several reasons:
Reliability: Modules are designed to be idempotent, meaning they only make changes when necessary. This ensures that your playbooks will consistently produce the desired state.
Readability: Modules often have better error messages and are more self-explanatory, improving the overall readability of your playbooks.
Extensibility: Modules typically offer additional features and parameters that provide greater control and flexibility in your automation tasks.
Cross-Platform Compatibility: Modules are cross-platform and work on various operating systems, making your playbooks more versatile.
Security: Modules can handle sensitive data securely, reducing the risk of exposing sensitive information in your playbooks.
By following Rule 303 and embracing modules over commands, you can harness these advantages to create more efficient, reliable, and maintainable Ansible playbooks.
In some rare cases, you may find that Rule 303 triggers false positives, recommending modules for tasks where commands are the appropriate choice. If this occurs, you can disable the rule for specific lines in your playbook by adding a comment like
# noqa: command-instead-of-module to the same line. This exception handling allows you to maintain flexibility in your playbooks when needed.
Rule 303, “
command-instead-of-module”, is a valuable guideline provided by Ansible-Lint to encourage best practices in Ansible automation. By prioritizing the use of Ansible modules over raw commands, you can enhance the reliability, readability, and security of your playbooks. Additionally, module usage ensures that your automation remains efficient and adaptable across various platforms, making it an essential practice for Ansible developers and operators.
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